(Updated August 2017)
|Cattle restraining squeeze chute with angled rubber louvres on the side which prevent the cattle from seeing people. The side can be opened for easy access for injections and other veterinary procedures. The louvres block the animal's vision the same way that louvred shutters block vision through windows in a house.|
|A good example of a non-slick surface for livestock.|
To keep welfare standards high requires continuous measurement of performance to prevent old rough practice from returning. Handling quality should be continuously monitored by using the following outcome measurements. This will make it possible to determine if practices are improving or becoming worse. The following outcome based measure should beused in both farms and slugher plants.
Grandin, T. (2013). Making slaugher houses more humane for cattle, pigs, and sheep. Anual Review of Animal Biosciences. 1:491-512. Posted on this website: www.grandin.com
Grandin, T. (2012). Developing measures to audit welfare of cattle and pigs at slaughter. Animal Welfare. 21:351-356.
Grandin, T.(1995). Restraint of Livestock Proceedings : Animal Behaviour, Design of Livestock and Poultry Systems International Conference pages 208-223. Published by: Northeast Regional Agriculture Engineering Service, Cooperative Extension. 152 Riley - Robb Hall Ithaca, New York, 14853 USA.
Grandin, T. (Editor). 2014. Livestock Handling and Transport, 4th Edition CAB International Wallingford Oxon, United Kingdom.
Grandin, T. (1991). Double Rail Restrainer For Handling Beef Cattle. Paper No. 915004 American Society of Agricultural Engineers. 2950 Niles Road St.Joseph, Michigan, 49085 USA.
Grandin, T. (1998). Double Rail Restrainer For Livestock Handling. Journal of Agricultural Engineering. Research. 41:327-338
Welfare Quality Network (2009). Acces by typing welfare quality network into Google.
Woiwode, R. et al. (2016) Compliance of large feedyards in the northern high plains with Beef Quality Assurance Feedyard Assessment. Professional Animal Scientists. 32:750-757.
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